Countries and nationalities

Countries, Adjective Forms, and Nationalities (#1), by Dennis Oliver

   The adjective forms for countries and the names for citizens of countries are often confusing in English. This happens for two reasons. First, there is no easy way to change a country’s name to its adjective form because several different endings are used for this purpose. Second, the words for nationalities are often the same as the adjective forms, but not always.This series of Hints will give the following information for many countries: country name, adjective form, and word used for a country’s citizens. Countries, Adjective Forms, and Nationalities (#1) country  adjective nationality     Afghanistan Afghan  Afghanistani     Albania Albanian Albanian     Algeria Algerian Algerian     Andorra Andorran Andorran     Angola Angola Angolan     Antigua and Barbuda Antiguan (general) Barbudan Antiguan (general) Barbudan     Argentina Argentinian, Argentine Argentinian, Argentine     Armenia Armenian Armenian     Australia Australian Australian     Austria Austrian Austrian     Azerbaijan Azerbaijani Azerbaijani

The adjective forms for countries and the names for citizens of countries are often confusing in English. This happens for two reasons. First, there is no easy way to change a country’s name to its adjective form because several different endings are used for this purpose. Second, the words for nationalities are often the same as the adjective forms, but not always.
Here is more information on names of countries, their adjective forms, and the words used for their citizens.
 
Countries, Adjective Forms, and Nationalities
 country adjective nationality
 Cambodia Cambodian Cambodian
(Kampuchea)* (Kampuchean)* (Kampuchean)*
Cameroon Cameroonia Cameroonian
Canada Canadian Canadian
 Cape Verde Cape Verde Cape Verdean
 Central African Central African Central African
Republic
 Chad Chadian Chadian
Chile Chilean Chilean
 China Chinese Chinese
Colombia Colombian Colombian
 Comoros Comoran Comoran
 Congo, Democratic
Republic of* Congolese Congolese
 Congo, Republic of Congoles Congolese
 Costa Rica Costa Rica Costa Rican 
 Côte d’Ivoire
(Ivory Coast) Ivorian Ivorian
Croatia Croatian Croat
Cuba Cuban Cuban
Cyprus Cypriot Cypriot
 Czech* Republic Czech* Czech*

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Special Notes:
1.Cambodia is sometimes called Kampuchea. If Kampuchea is used, use  Kampuchean for both the adjective form and
the nationality.
 2.Two countries, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Republic of the Congo have very similar names.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo was known as Zaire in the past. It is sometimes called Congo-Kinshasa today.
The Republic of the Congo is a totally different country. The adjective and nationality forms for both of these countries
are the same: 
Congolese.
 3.In English,  Czech is pronounced the same as  check.

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